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Rhizobia inhabiting Gliricidia sepium in Puttalam district of Sri Lanka: assessment of stress tolerance and genetic diversity

Authors:

S. A. N. Nandadeva,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About S. A. N.
Postgraduate Institute of Science

Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, University of Peradeniya
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S. M. N. S. Samarakoon,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About S. M. N. S.
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science
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Sanath Rajapakse

University of Peradeniya, LK
About Sanath
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science
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Abstract

Legume-rhizobia symbiosis has received higher attention asit enhances soil nutrition through the biological nitrogen fixation.However, stress factors such as excess salts, drought, acidity, alkalinity,and temperature etc. suppress the growth and symbiotic characteristicsof rhizobia. Identification of stress tolerant rhizobial strains and theirgenetic diversity which influence the efficiency of nitrogen fixation in Gliricidia sepium is poorly studied. This study mainlyfocused on the characterization and identification of stress-tolerant rhizobial strains that were isolated from five rootnodules of G. sepium from seven selected locations (Anamaduwa, Chilaw, Vanathawilluwa, Saliyawewa, Etiyawala,Palaviya, Kurinchanpitiya) of Puttalam district in Sri Lanka. Isolates were separately subjected to four different stressconditions, namely, pH (3.0 - 9.0), temperature (25°C - 45°C), salinity induced by NaCl concentrations ranging from 0.1%to 3.0%, and drought induced by polyethylene glycol 8000 (PEG-8000) concentrations ranging from 0.1% to 0.4%.Rhizobial strains isolated from Anamaduwa, Chilaw and Kurinchanpitiya such as An-3, An-4, An-5, Ch-1, Ch-4, Ch-5, Ku-2 and Ku-5 showed tolerance for alkaline pH (8.0 and 9.0) and extreme drought conditions (3.0% and 4.0% of PEG-8000).But their growth was adversely affected by acidic pH conditions (pH 3.0 and 4.0). Most of the rhizobial strains exceptstrains in Etiyawala were moderately tolerant to extreme salt concentrations (2.5% - 3.0% of NaCl) and extremetemperature levels (40- 45ºC). In the graphical interpretation, no growth pattern was observed with respect to fourphysiological conditions. Thirteen strains that were selected from the statistical analysis dis-played higher survivalcapacity when the combination of different stress conditions was applied. As 13 rhizobial strains showed differentbanding patterns in the Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus (ERIC) profile, they belonged to 09 clusters atthe 66.67% similarity level. Furthermore, these stress-tolerant rhizobial strains can be used to further studies on cross-inoculation of crop legumes as an alternative substitution for the vast usage of chemical ni-trogen fertilizers.

How to Cite: Nandadeva, S.A.N., Samarakoon, S.M.N.S. and Rajapakse, S., 2020. Rhizobia inhabiting Gliricidia sepium in Puttalam district of Sri Lanka: assessment of stress tolerance and genetic diversity. Sri Lanka Journal of Food and Agriculture, 6(1), pp.23–36. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljfa.v6i1.79
Published on 15 Oct 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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