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Sources of crop production instability in Rajasthan State, India

Authors:

M. S. Sadiq ,

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Technology, FUT, Minna, NG
About M. S.
Department of Agricultural Economics, SKRAU, Bikaner, India
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I. P. Singh,

Department of Agricultural Economics, SKRAU, Bikaner, IN
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M. Lawal

Federal College of Education, Katsina, NG
About M.
Department of Agricultural Education
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Abstract

An empirical investigation was conducted on the sources of crop production instability in Rajasthan State, India. Time series data spanning from 1994-2015 (post-green revolution) viz. area, yield and production of 17 crops produced in 27 potential districts and the state were used and meticulously analyzed using Coefficient of Variation and Hazell technique. Results indicated high variability/fluctuation in yield to be the major cause of production instability in all the kharif crops and some rabi crops viz. wheat and mustard. On the contrary, high instability in area was the major source of production instability for crops viz. taramira, gram, barley, cumin and coriander. Performance of kharif crops were poor in general, as the production and productivity of crops were observed to be declining. Therefore, location specific technology development is needed in order to give higher yield even in adverse weather condition, along with price support, which would eventually expand the production. Rabi crops performed better; as well their production increase was contributed by increased area and yields. However, this performance was subjected to high instability in both area and yields. Technological inputs viz. seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and location-specific production technologies, timely and assured electricity supply were important factors that will minimize instability, thus, further increase in production. Furthermore, creation of other infrastructural facilities like irrigation is imperative to increase acreage and production stability.
How to Cite: Sadiq, M.S., Singh, I.P. and Lawal, M., 2019. Sources of crop production instability in Rajasthan State, India. Sri Lanka Journal of Food and Agriculture, 5(1), pp.27–39. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljfa.v5i1.68
Published on 20 Oct 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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